Speculation on Parallels between the Psychological Enneagram and Gurdjieff’s Fourth Way

Note: the following is fairly speculative discussion on how Gurdjieff’s ideas could be related to the modern psychological enneagram. Most concepts referenced here can be found in ‘In Search of the Miraculous’.   Gurdjieff’s Fourth Way appears to have flowed through into much modern enneagram theory – including the ideas of ‘centres’ (and balancing of… Continue reading Speculation on Parallels between the Psychological Enneagram and Gurdjieff’s Fourth Way

Enneatype within Nicoll’s division of centres

Above: Maurice Nicoll’s diagram of the Emotional Centre, based on teachings by Ouspensky, from Nicoll’s Commentaries (book 1). Text reads: 1 – “mechanical expression of the emotions”; 2 – “all emotions relating to one’s own likes and dislikes. Personal emotions. 3 – “resultant of small desires, little daily ‘wills’.” II – Emotional part –  “religious… Continue reading Enneatype within Nicoll’s division of centres

Centres within a 3-force model

In this article I’ll look more at some of the underlying theory behind the enneagram ‘process model’ and centres, with speculation as to how this applies to the psychological enneagram. To start with, let’s consider the ‘Law of Three’, which is one of the two principles theoretically underlying the enneagram symbol (the other being the… Continue reading Centres within a 3-force model

Comparison of different enneagram schools’ opinions of centre use

Authors generally agree on the primary ‘centre’ for the types, i.e. 234 – heart, 567 – intellectual, 891 – instinctive or ‘gut’ centre, although exact terminology used varies. What does vary, however, are interpretations as to which centre (if any) is non-preferred or repressed. For example *Hurley & Donson equate repressed centres to the Horneyvian… Continue reading Comparison of different enneagram schools’ opinions of centre use

Centres – parts of centres & 891

Original contributors to the enneagram system frequently talk of ‘centers’. Gurdjieff sometimes spoke of three centers, sometimes of five, and sometimes of seven. Briefly, the three basic centers could be said to be the ‘moving’, ’emotional’ and ‘intellectual’, however the first centre really is three centers; a ‘lower storey’ of the organism which includes a… Continue reading Centres – parts of centres & 891